Here you can find a summary of what I've learned about biodiverse gardening and useful links and information to help you to create your own natural/ wildlife gardens!
After a lot of research and my own experiences, I care for my little garden with these principles:
1. Less is more
1.1 Cut only what needs to be cut
Studies show, meadows that are cut only twice a year show the most biodiversity. In areas where you frequently walk it is probably best to mow a little more often, but try to prolong the time span between the cuts as much as possible. You will be rewarded with marvellous flowers!
And maybe think of areas in your garden where you can leave a meadow. It's less work for you and various beneficial Insects will thank you for it.
We people like it tidy, but in nature, a little chaos is a good thing.
Leave a few wild corners in your garden - some unusual garden plants will grow and provide living space for various little animals
Put the autumn leaves under your shrubs or in your flower beds - they make great mulch and insects have a place to hide.
Cut your shrubs only in early spring - this gives animals more shelter in winter.
Build a deadwood pile - breeding ground for various beneficial insects!
1.2 Nature needs a little chaos
1.3 Don't use Pestizides
Pesitzides don't only harm pests in your garden but also the beneficial insects and it disrupts the natural balance.
With aphids for example it works wonders to just wait and see. When your plants are really infested, this can be very hard to do. But after a while ladybug and hoverfly larvae will come and remove the aphids more or less permanently. Provided that your garden is insect-friendly in general!
With that you safe money and support very important pollinators!
2. Be mindful of the plants you choose
2.1 Use more native plants
A lot of our native plant species are in decline, mostly because of intensive agriculture. So when you give them a place in your garden, balcony or windwosill you can help to stop their decline.
In addition, native insects are better adapted to native plants, so your helping them as well.
And let me tell you native plants usually need less care and their beauty is often underestimated!
Not every pretty flower is benefical for pollinators. A lot of hybrids don't produce nectar anymore and therefore offer no food for bees&co. Filled roses are a good example of that.
Pollinator friendly plants are for example:
But it always depents on where you live! Don't forget to use more native plants. ;)
2.2 Use Pollinator friendly Plants
2.3 Buy organic plants or use seeds
Sadly, a lot of pestizides and chemicals are used by plant nurseries to keep pests away from their plants. But this also harms beneficial insects and in the worst case you poison the pollinators you want to support. So buy organic plants. Organic plant nurseries don't use pestizides.
Another nature firendly and also cheaper option is to buy plant seeds for your garden. Then you can be sure no pestizides have been used and it needs far less space and transportation.
3. Welcome animals
Not only your plants can benefit from an insect variaty in your garden, but other animals can too and help to keep the number of insects in check as a bonus for you.
Birds, for example, will be one of the first animals you may notice more often in your garden, when switching to a natural gardening style. This is not only very amusing to watch, but also supports the birds to find enough food in a natural way.
Birds are naturally directly affected by the disappearance of insects and need every help they can get.
3.1 Birds for Balance
3.2 Happy worms, happy plants
A healthy soil contains millions of organisms and is the most important factor for resilient and good looking plants. These organisms recycle organic waste and provide nutritions. In the end, you need to keep them happy and well-fed to have a healthy soil.
Keep the soil covered and moist
make sure there is enough food
compost heap, direct composting
don't use pesticides
In the end, it is all about the natural cycle!
These links were the inspiration for my little garden:
Attention, the links vary with the language setting!
For even more knowledge, I can warmly recommend these books!